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Edited by Craig Purcell, Randy Sovich, and Lynda Burke


Contributions by:

Christopher W. Tyler Ph.D;

Kostas Manolidis;

Alexander Milojevic;

Craig Purcell;


Sou Fujimoto, Maureen Zell, UWM Marcus Prize Studio;

RM Sovich Architecture;

Alexandra Singer-Bieder and Sofia Bennani;

Jason Orbe-Smith;

Emmy Mikelson; and  

photograph by Sanket Mhatre.




6" x 9" (15.24 x 22.86 cm) 
Full Color Bleed on White paper
76 pages

ISBN-13: 978-1502772855

Christopher Tyler is the Director of the

Smith-Kettlewell Brain Imaging Center

at the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research

Institute in San Francisco. His scientific

interests are in visual perception and neuroscience. He has studied form, symmetry,

flicker, motion, color, and stereoscopic

depth perception, and has developed tests

for the diagnosis of eye diseases. Tyler

has also studied vision in such species as

butterflies and fish. Tyler’s current work

concerns theoretical, psychophysical and

functional MRI studies of the structure of

global visual processes.

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Excerpt of Interview

T3X: Why is understanding texture discrimination important to you?


CWT: I would frame it in the larger sense of texture perception in general. I see texture as one of the primary qualities of the visual world, parallel to form, motion and color. It is thus inherently interesting to study the range and dimensionality of the world of visual textures. For example, it is well established that color vision is three-dimensional (including the brightness dimension), at least in humans, due to the retina having three types of color photoreceptors. (Some butterflies are now known to have up to nine types of photoreceptors, so they may live in a

riot of colors invisible to us!)

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 Ground Fragments



A Vocabulary of Textures

In large parts of Greece the undulated geomorphology results in disorderly mosaics of agrarian uses.  Land-folds, ravines and streams impose a fragmentary, discontinuous and irregular development of arable fields…. which in turn established societies with their own fragile cohesion and fabric.


Editor’s note: the images accompanying the full article are ballpoint pen on paper drawings of Greek agrarian landscape patterns.  With so much attention paid to digital fabrication and computer-generated graphics, we are pleased to see this commitment to hand drawing.

Kostas Manolidis is an associate

professor at the University of Thessaly, 

Greece. He received his M Arch degree 

from Southern California Institute of Architecture.  Manolidis is co-editor of the books Beautiful, Awful

and Austere Landscape: Readings and Perspectives on the Landscape in Greece (2003); Representation as a Vehicle of Architectural Thought (2006); and The Claim of the Outdoors (2009). Manolidis’s work has been presented in such publications as Paisea, Architectones, Geographies, 2000x Landscape Architecture, and numerous books and conference catalogs.



Editor: The impetus for this design project is the University of Auckland’s (UoA) replacement of two outer-suburb campuses with the construction of a new campus in Newmarket, neighboring the two existing campuses in downtown Auckland.  Milojevic designed a Gateway to link the three campuses, their diverse disciplines and scholars, and the life of the city just outside the University’s boundaries.




Out of a geologic whole are excavated academic courts, large assembly and common places, numerous pedestrian alleys, bus and rail stations, parking, offices, exhibition spaces, student centers, stores, technical workshops, cafes, roof gardens, et al. Voids are excavated to provide daylight to large and small spaces and rooms while conveying a wholeness, continuity, and overall inter- connectedness of both knowledge and the city.

Alexander [Sacha]  Milojevic is a recent graduate of the UoA School of Architecture. In addition to winning the recent NZIA Award for his Newmarket Campus project, Milojevic’s design for the Takapuna Military Museum received the 2012 Auckland Architecture Association’s Unbuilt Architecture Awards’ top prize. 

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Texture Theory





The “pursuit of flatness” has been the critical animating force in painting in the post-Impressionist era as artists sought to privilege, rather than to ignore or overcome, the unique two-dimensionality of painting. While Texture Theory recognizes the plane as a core attribute of the art form, … it suggests that the actual texture of the media, the media’s interaction with -- and relationship to -- each other and the ground plane may very well be as important as the deconstruction of flatness in the creation and understanding of painting.


Architecture, sculpture, city design, and music also arise from the [same] core artistic energy as pictorial art. [It is this] that Texture Theory seeks to illuminate. 

An architect with over 35 years of experience, Craig Purcell is devoted to the study of the architecture and physical organization of cities. He earned his B Arch at the University of Virginia. Purcell is the Director of Urban Design at the firm of Brown Craig Turner in Baltimore. 

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This +FARM  project was initiated by two farmers who wanted to enhance artistic opportunities in their community by hosting musical performances in an outdoor setting.




The farm is 300 acres of soft glacial landform mechanically groomed to sustain feed for the grass-fed sheep and cattle. The fields are a choreographed performance of unrelenting evolution and compassionate cultivation honed by the craft of farmers. The temporary and volatile climate features wind gusts upwards of 70 mph in winter. Considering these qualities we conceived of a structure that could negotiate the flirtatious relationship between land and man.

+FARM was established in 2011 by

William Haskas, and operates in Brooklyn and Perrysburg, NY. Each January the open studios are announced on the studio’s website and the team and team leaders are selected based on specific project demands. The Silver Screen Flirtations eleven-student project team come from universities all over North America.


The Project Team:

Brittany Piscopo, Chitra Mamidela,

Christin Hu, Jonathan Yates, Julia Lu,

LIda Chrysanthou, Lorraine Kung,

Loyra Nunez, Nick Bozza, Omar Ferwati,

Pablo Morelo, Solomon Oh, Yi He.


Team Leaders:

Lavender Tessmer, Joseph Vidich, and

William Haskas. Technical expertise was

provided by Tim Brewster, and material

knowledge by Rigidized Metals.

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The faBRICK pavilion, [a temporary public installation]

was conceived as homage to Milwaukee’s rich tradition of masonry construction. Through free-ranging material explorations, we developed a novel method of 

linking bricks into billowing arches without 

using mortar, giving this heavy material 

material a feeling of lightness and playfulness. 

The installation arches combine to form 

a rippling brick carpet that invites human 

interaction and exploration while critiquing 

the definition of ‘pavilion’. As a result, 

faBRICK transforms the defining 

perception of a brick structure as hard 

into one that appears soft.

Sou Fujimoto is founder and principal of

Sou Fujimoto Architects. In addition to 

winning the 2013 UWM Marcus Prize, Fujimoto has received many other international awards, among them:  the Japanese Institute of Architecture Grand Prize; and the grand prize in the Private House Division/World Architectural Festival. Fujimoto is the youngest architect to be selected to design the Serpentine Gallery Summer Pavilion

in London. He has just been named WSJ Magazine 2014 Architecture Innovator of the Year.


Maureen Zell is associate professor of architecture, and associate dean at the University

of Wisconsin-Milwaukee SARUP. She is cofounding

principal of bauenstudio, a design

and research firm in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Zell received her M Arch from Yale University,

School of Architecture and her BS Arch

from the University of Virginia, School of


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From Rows to Dots



One might look at the houses as a material resource, for example, their bricks and  wood timbers… harvested right in the neighborhood and converted into new housing[.] This project proposes a new type of urban infill: housing that integrates parts of the rubbish … from Baltimore’s vacant housing stock with energy efficient, environmentally friendly building systems in a new social structure.

Randy Sovich holds a B Arch from 

Carnegie-Mellon, and for the past 20 years 

has practiced as principal/founder of RM 

Sovich Architecture in Baltimore. His firm’s 

work has been recognized with awards for 

innovative housing, healthcare, adaptive reuse, 

and design for aging. His project “New 

Urban Housing” received a Progressive  Architecture Award.

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Manual, Industrial, and Digital Crafting


In our first trial we fabricated dozens of handcrafted prototypes with different forms, lengths, diameters, and colors of plastic tubes […] traditional craftsman controlling

the design and fabrication process at the same time. 


Today’s digital machines restore [the craftsman’s control.] Modeling software allows faster and more precise creative

expression, [ …] strong control of the virtual objects, and sensitive feedback on even the haptic/tactile effect of

changing parameters.

Alexandra Singer-Bieder received her M

Arch from the Ecole Speciale d’Architecture

in Paris. She currently works with the firm

Light Architecture in London. Finalists in

Tex Fab’s Plasticity Competion, Singer-Bieder’s

and teammate Bennani’s project was

exhibited at the 2014 ACADIA Conference

in Los Angeles.


Sofia Bennani received her M Arch from

Ecole Speciale d’Architecture in Paris and

is now working in Paris for the Kilo Architecture

fi rm. H er p roject w ith S inger-Bieder was exhibited at the 2014 ACADIA Conference in Los Angeles. 

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Purple Violet




Purple Violet introduces the contemporary vernacular to a backwoods, off-the-grid cabin located in the forests of rural Canada. The project is a reimagining of the wigwam of the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet people, creating a spatial interpretation of the traditional, locally sourced materials.

Jason Orbe-Smith, architect and designer,

received his M Arch from the Southern

California Institute of Architecture. His Infill

Aquifer design is honorably mentioned

in the eVolo 2014 Skyscraper Competition.

He received a 3rd place award for his entry

to the MUD House Design Competition

for Ghana. Orbe-Smith is currently engaged in architectural practice and independent

design research in Los Angeles.

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Dark Reading is a primal, intuitive journey - for both writer and reader - out of the light and into the realm of pure texture.




...It is not useful to stand upright in the dark – the peril of never knowing what hangs above. The ground is infinitely knowable. Staying close to the ground, bellies become callous and ticklish....

Emmy Mikelson is an artist and curator

residing in Brooklyn, NY. Her work has

been exhibited internationally, and also

published in the architecture journals Nova

Organa, KTISMA, and Ampersand. Mikelson

has been an invited speaker at such institutions

as Parsons The New School for

Design, and the City University of New

York (CUNY) Graduate Center. Mickelson

currently teaches at Baruch College,

CUNY, and is the senior associate at The

Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture at

The Cooper Union.

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